PHOTOSHOP - Image Processing Overview

ALL digital camera and scanned images MUST be properly processed before they can be placed in INDESIGN documents. This sheet lists ALL the steps you have to take... keep it in your binder!
  1. MEASURE FIRST the dimensions of your PICTURE FRAMES in InDesign
    1. How many PICA do you need the image to be? Write it down if you have to - this is important!
  2. GATHER your JPGS together in your PAGE FOLDER
    1. Drag them from XnView to your YEARBOOK folder
    >> Overview02.jpg
  3. PREP YOUR PICTURES in PhotoShop
    1. CROP the image
      1. Use the Marquee tool (be sure “feather” is set to zero) (If need be, Click and HOLD on the selection tool, then slide to the rectanglular shape. (NOTE - do NOT use Photoshop’s “CROPPING TOOL” as it also changes the resolution)
      2. SET the option
        1. Feathering: ZERO
        3. Enter the Width and Height of your desired image
      3. Draw a rectangular SELECTION on the canvas of your photo to define the crop.
      4. Use IMAGE - CROP from the dropdown menu to trim the image. (If you find you’ve made a mistake, you can EDIT - UNDO the crop and try again)
    2. CHECK the RESOLUTION and adjust the SIZE
      1. Use IMAGE - IMAGE SIZE from the dropdown menu
      2. Turn RESAMPLE IMAGE to OFF, and ensure that CONSTRAIN PROPORTIONS is ON
      3. Set the units to read in PICA
      4. Set the RESOLUTION to 300DPI for colour, or 266DPI for B&W
      5. CONFIRM that the image is BIGGER than what you need.
        1. IF it's BIGGER - Go to Step THREE
        2. If it's SMALLER, you have only two choices:
          1. REDO your first Crop; go back to step one - undo all changes and try again using a "looser" crop this time
          2. FIND ANOTHER PICTURE that is of suitable resolution for your needs
    3. RESIZE the IMAGE
      1. TURN RESAMPLE IMAGE back ON (this will allow you to “destroy” pixels)
      2. Make the width + .1 larger than you need in PICA
      3. NEVER ARTIFICIALLY INCREASE the image size - it just makes them big and blurry
    4. Adjusting the LEVELS
      1. Try using IMAGE - ADJUST - AUTO LEVELS. If the image looks better, keep it, if not, UNDO the change
    5. IF Required - Change to GRAYSCALE MODE
      1. Use MODE - GRAYSCALE
      2. Try adjusting the LEVELS again.. sometimes it gets even better
    6. TRY Sharpening the image IF it’s been dramatically shrunk
      1. Double click the Magnifying glass tool to see the image at 100% resolution
      2. Use FILTER - SHARPEN - SHARPEN (or UNSHARPEN MASK for more subtlety) Consider if the image looks better, or more artificial; UNDO if it’s the latter
    7. SAVE the image as a TIFF IMAGE FILE
      1. Use FILE - SAVE AS
    >> >>> Overview03.jpg
      1. Change the file format to TIF (At the bottom of the list)
      2. Turn OFF "ICC Profile" if it's on
      3. Save the file in the SAME FOLDER as your InDesign file (This is your "Page folder")
    >> >>> ie. “023TwoGuys IMG12345.TIF”
      1. turn LZW COMPRESSION to ON when prompted
  4. PLACE YOUR PICTURES in the appropriate IMAGE FRAME of your layout.
    1. Select the frame you plan to fill
    2. Use CTRL-D or FILE - PLACE and choose the appropriate file
    >> NOTE - Place TIFFs only... NEVER place a JPG!

If you’ve done your job right, your images should fit PERFECTLY!

  • A cropped image should normally be sized just a bit larger than your InDESIGN picture frame.
  • As much as possible, try to crop your photo “in-lens” as you shoot them. This maximizes the number of pixels that make up the image! FILL THE FRAME when you take your pictures!
  • If you are working on a DOMINANT image, do NOT crop the image! This will give you a little “play” in the frame. You may have to slide the image “in-frame” to get people’s faces out of the gutter.